Other Resources that Support Biblical Equality
The Bible translations listed below have taken some important steps towards making their texts more gender-accurate.
"This new addition to the Large Print line of Common English Bibles is in the durable Image Flex cover binding, making it perfect for classroom settings, as outreach editions, or a more affordable option for individual study. The cover is black imitation leather. The generous 12-point type makes reading easy for an older audience or those with vision impairments. Also available in other bindings."
(Recommended by Awake Deborah for gender-accurate Old Testament studies)
"Holy Bible - New Testament" (International Standard Version)
(Recommended by Awake Deborah for gender-accurate New Testament Studies)
The following books provide important information about the original language and context of Paul's first letter to Timothy.
"Insight into Two Biblical Passages: This work comprises new insights into two Biblical passages. The first study, titled 'The Anatomy of a Prohibition,' uses the T.L.G. computer database to offer a new interpretation of I Timothy 2:12. The author provides insight that the T.L.G. computer, with its data selections from 200 B.C./B.C.E. to 200 A.D./C.E., supports the interpretation of one of the key words 'authentein' as 'committing violent action,' not 'having authority.' It then explores the effect of this interpretation on exegesis, gender pronouncements, hermeneutics, tradition, theology, and relevance. As a supplement, it offers a history of traditional translations, mistranslations, and interpretations. The second insight study discusses seeing the 'suffering servant' of Isaiah 40-55 as the city of Jerusalem. This 'Servant City' study is based upon a comparison with the material outside the songs and with other A.N.E. city descriptions that are also in the first millennium."
"Mother of the Gods, from Cybele to the Virgin Mary: Worshiped throughout the ancient Mediterranean world, the "Mother of the Gods" was known by a variety of names. Among peoples of Asia Minor, where her cult first began, she often shared the names of local mountains. The Greeks commonly called her Cybele, the name given to her by the Phrygians of Asia Minor, and identified her with their own mother goddesses Rhea, Gaia, and Demeter. The Romans adopted her worship at the end of the Second Punic War and called her Mater Magna, Great Mother. Her cult became one of the three most important mystery cults in the Roman Empire, along with those of Mithras and Isis. And as Christianity took hold in the Roman world, ritual elements of her cult were incorporated into the burgeoning cult of the Virgin Mary.
In Mother of the Gods, Philippe Borgeaud traces the journey of this divine figure through Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome between the sixth century B.C. and the fourth century A.D. He examines how the Mother of the Gods was integrated into specific cultures, what she represented to those who worshiped her, and how she was used as a symbol in art, myth, and even politics. The Mother of the Gods was often seen as a dualistic figure: ancestral and foreign, aristocratic and disreputable, nurturing and dangerous. Borgeaud's challenging and nuanced portrait opens new windows on the ancient world's sophisticated religious beliefs and shifting cultural identities."
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